Clinical Trial – Management by Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy of Patients With Hypoxaemic Pneumonia With SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19)
Several patients with hypoxaemic SARS-CoV2 pneumonia were able to benefit from hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) in China. In a clinical case published in the Chinese journal of hyperbaric medicine, treatment with repeated HBO sessions prevented admission to intensive care unit with mechanical ventilation in a patient aged 69 who presented with signs of respiratory decompensation. HBOT is the most powerful oxygenation modality in the body today. HBOT can dramatically increase the amount of dissolved oxygen in the blood. HBOT not only promotes blood transport but also its tissue delivery. Furthermore, HBOT has specific immunomodulatory properties, both humoral and cellular, making it possible, for example, to reduce the intensity of the inflammatory response and to stimulate antioxidant defenses by repeating sessions. A virucidal capacity of HBOT might also be involved. HBOT is generally regarded as safe with very few adverse events.
Patients who meet inclusion criteria will be randomized into treatment vs control group.
Treatment groups will undergo Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) and compared to the control
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) treatment will be provided to patients as an adjunct to standard therapy for a cohort of 40 COVID19-positive patients with respiratory distress at NYU Winthrop Hospital. All patients prior to the clinical application of HBOT will be evaluated by the primary care team and hyperbaric physician. After the intervention portion of this study, a chart review will be performed to compare the outcomes of intervention patients versus patients who received standard of care.
Clinical Trial – Pseudoephedrine Prophylaxis for Prevention of Middle Ear Barotrauma in Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) utilizes 100% oxygen delivery at a pressure greater than 1 atm for the treatment of various emergent medical conditions including carbon monoxide poisoning. The most commonly associated complication of HBOT is middle ear barotrauma (MEB) which occurs when the eustachian tube does not allow air to enter the middle ear space to equalize the pressure between the ambient environment and the inner ear. Patients experiencing MEB usually feel pressure or pain in their ear(s). The spectrum of symptoms ranges from sensation of ear fullness and muffled hearing to severe pain, vertigo and tympanic membrane rupture. HBOT has not been studied. The investigators plan to perform a randomized double blind placebo control trial to determine if pseudoephedrine is effective in decreasing the rate of MEB during HBOT.